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Saturday, July 25, 2020 | History

3 edition of Water and nitrogen balances for the Upper Rhine Catchment Area found in the catalog.

Water and nitrogen balances for the Upper Rhine Catchment Area

Claire Grobecker

Water and nitrogen balances for the Upper Rhine Catchment Area

by Claire Grobecker

  • 111 Want to read
  • 19 Currently reading

Published by Statistisches Bundesamt in Wiesbaden .
Written in English

    Places:
  • Rhine River Valley
    • Subjects:
    • Water supply -- Economic aspects -- Rhine River Valley -- Statistics,
    • Water -- Nitrogen content -- Rhine River Valley -- Statistics

    • Edition Notes

      Includes bibliographical references (p. 62-63).

      StatementVerfasser, Claire Grobecker.
      GenreStatistics.
      SeriesUGR-Materialien ;, Heft 7
      ContributionsGermany. Statistisches Bundesamt.
      Classifications
      LC ClassificationsHD1697.5.R47 G76 1996
      The Physical Object
      Pagination73 p. :
      Number of Pages73
      ID Numbers
      Open LibraryOL285456M
      LC Control Number97188523

      The Rhine is connected to the Mediterranean Sea by the Rhine-Rhone canal and is joined to the Black Sea by the Rhine-Danube canals. This makes it possible for barges and passenger boats to travel from the North Sea to the Black Sea. The Rhine is the busiest waterway in the world and cargo is transported all over Europe using these two canals. Case Studies. The International Commission for the Protection of the Rhine By Christina Leb 1. Origin and Background The river Rhine is Western Europe’s largest river basin, with an area of , square kilometers. The river has its source in the Sankt-Gotthard massif on the border of Switzerland and Italy.

        A combined semi-distributed hydrological model (CASCADE/QUESTOR) is used to evaluate the steady-state that may be achieved after changes in land-use or management and to explore what additional factors need to be considered in representing catchment processes. Two rural headwater catchments of the River Derwent (North Yorkshire, UK) were studied where significant change in land Cited by:   The water balance method has four characteristic features.Ø A water balance can be assessed for any subsystem of the hydrologic cycle, for any size of area, and for any period of time;Ø A water balance can serve to check whether all flow and storage components involved have been considered quantitatively;Ø A water balance can serve to.

      The Rhine is one of the busiest water ways in the world and dense road and railway systems line its course. Many industries make use of the river but after a damaging chemical spill in the Rhine Action Plan was developed to ensure good ecological status for wildlife and river users. For further information about the Rhine.   Low water levels after dry weather over the past month is again preventing cargo vessels from sailing fully loaded on the Rhine and Danube rivers in Germany, traders said on : Reuters Editorial.


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Water and nitrogen balances for the Upper Rhine Catchment Area by Claire Grobecker Download PDF EPUB FB2

Catchment water balance In its simplest form, the water balance of a catchment is described by the equation: I - O = ∆S (1) where I = input of water to the catchment; O = output from the catchment; and ∆S = change in storage within the catchment.

Input is most frequently thought of as rainfall, although mist, fog, snowmelt, surfaceFile Size: KB. The Upper Rhine Plain, Rhine Rift Valley or Upper Rhine Graben (German: Oberrheinische Tiefebene, Oberrheinisches Tiefland or Oberrheingraben, French: Vallée du Rhin) is a major rift, about kilometre-long ( mi) and on average kilometre-wide (31 mi), between Basel in the south and the cities of Frankfurt/Wiesbaden in the north.

Its southern section straddles the border between France. The Upper Rhine is one of four sections of the river (the others being the High Rhine, Middle Rhine and Lower Rhine) between Lake Constance and the North Sea.

The countries and states along the Upper Rhine are Switzerland, France and the German states of Baden-Württemberg, Rhineland-Palatinate and largest cities along the river are Basel, Mulhouse, Strasbourg, Karlsruhe, Mannheim Designated: 28 August Nitrogen application, balances and their effect on water quality in small catchments in the Nordic–Baltic countries ) between annual N balances for the agricultural area in the.

The river now flows north as Upper Rhine through the Upper Rhine Plain, which is about km long and up to 40 km wide. The most important tributaries in this area are the Ill below of Strasbourg, the Neckar in Mannheim and the Main across from Mainz.

In Mainz, the Rhine leaves the Upper Rhine Valley and flows through the Mainz y: Switzerland, Liechtenstein, Austria. The key issue for this review is the change in catchment water balance as a function of land use and climate.

This is also a key issue for the topic ‘Catchment Solute Balance’, being led by Glen Walker. It is inevitable that there will be some overlap between these topics.

ForFile Size: KB. The Upper Rhine alluvial aquifer is an important transboundary water resource. However, as in many alluvial systems, the aquifer inflows and outflows are not precisely known because of the.

The Upper Rhine Graben hydrosystem, situated at the French–German border (), is composed of three units: (i) a tectonic graben containing Secondary to Tertiary sediments several kilometres thick and forming the substratum of the Rhine alluvial plain (Illies, ), (ii) the graben shoulders with much older materials such as crystalline, metamorphic and ancient sedimentary rocks constituting Cited by: Nitrogen conversion in rivers is considered using the size of the catchment area, total runoff, the size of open water areas and temperature as inputs.

The summation of the modelled N inputs from diffuse and point sources minus the riverine N retention were compared to Author: Frank Wendland, Sabine Bergmann, Michael Eisele, Horst Gömann, Frank Herrmann, Peter Kreins, Ralf Ku.

Water Demand. Demand for water to support agriculture and industry has driven the large water transfer schemes implemented across the upper catchment area. Higher than average rainfall in this area allows excess water to be redistributed, through water transfer infrastructure, to meet the water demands of the metropolitan areas of Johannesburg and Pretoria.

1 1 Assessing the water balance of the Upper Rhine Graben 2 hydrosystem 3 Charlotte Thieriona,*, Laurent Longuevergneb, Florence Habetsa, Emmanuel Ledouxc, Philippe 4 Ackererd, Samer Majdalanie, Etienne Lebloisf, Simon Leclused, Eric Marting, Solen 5 Queguinerg, Pascal Viennotc 6 a. Sisyphe, UPMC, CNRS, Mines-Paristech, Fontainebleau, France.

The Danube River can be divided into four general sections, the Upper, Middle, Lower Danube, and Delta (Habersack et al., ).Within these sections 15 water management regions were identified (DPRP Danube Pollution Reduction Programme,Vogel and Pall,ICPDR, ) ().Table 1 provides specific information for each region.

Download: Download high-res image (KB)Cited by: Kajakai Reservoir, which is the major water body in the Upper Helmand watershed, formed after the completion of Kajakai Dam on the Helmand River in (Perkins and Culbertson, ; fig. The main purpose of the reservoir was to supply irrigation water to areas downstream from Kajakai Dam.

Hydropower-generation facilities were added toFile Size: 4MB. Key words: hydrogeologic catchment size, water balance, precipitation, karst, Dojkinacka River catchment, Serbia INTRODUCTION karst, or knowledge of the real catchment size The total surface area of a catchment is a horizontal projection of the part of Earth from which water is File Size: 1MB.

Nitrogen (N) delivered by rivers causes severe eutrophication in many coastal waters, and its turnover and retention are therefore of major interest.

We set up a mass balance along a km river section of a large, N-rich lowland river to quantify N retention along this river segment and to identify the underlying processes.

Our assessments are based on four Lagrangian sampling campaigns Author: Stephanie Ritz, Helmut Fischer. 1. Introduction [2] Understanding a discharge hydrograph is one of the most important areas in catchment hydrology because it is essential for flood prediction, water resources management, and chemical and ecological material transport.

Various processes such as saturated and unsaturated water flow in the soil layer [e.g., Tani, ], preferential flow [e.g., Tsuboyama et al., ], and Cited by:   The study area and data collection. The Danube River Basin is the second largest river basin in Europe, covering approximatelykm 2 of Central and South-Eastern Europe.

In19 countries were sharing the catchment, 14 of which are called ‘Danube countries’ (ICPDR, ).Due to its vast area and its topography ranging from lowlands to mountains above m Cited by: The project has a total catchment area of km2, among which 2km are controlled by seven medium-sized reservoirs, km2 are controlled by six small-sized reservoirs, and km2 are the interval catchment area.

It gives priority to flood diversion and water logging, and then to integrated utilization of irrigation, transportation and. Shrinking Rhine: shipping scrapes by as river stays at lowest level for 40 years Low rainfall in river’s catchment area and possible climate change factors.

Water levels Rhine. This is where you will find the latest water levels for the Ruhr, Cologne and Kaub. So you know exactly what you are up against, with regard to your fuel costs for example.

If you have any questions, or want advice about logistics planning, please feel free to contact us!. The River Rhine has won the first ever International River Foundation (IRF) European River Prize, which is given for remarkable achievements in integrated river basin management.

The other finalists were the Órbigo River in Spain, the Upper Drau in Austria, and the Mura-Drava-Danube in .water balance dynamics of the Chicken Creek catchment for the period to as influenced by ecological development. Water storage in the catchment was calculated from a three-dimensional model of ground-water volumes, soil moisture measurements, and water level recordings of the by: 6.*Water diversion has also raised salinity levels, contaminated fisheries, hindered navigation and posed a threat to water quality and public health.

*Deforestation and erosion at the upper levels of the Ganges river has increased the deposition of silt at the lower level.